With national and international challenge education remain to be among the big threats in Tanzania. In response to (BEST) basic education statistics in Tanzania education and training policy, plans, programs and strategies which are still low in its effective. Low number of teachers, teaching and learning material is associated with inadequate infrastructure in various region of the country.
The best among all is inefficient and small number of teacher due to poor motivation in education sector leading to poor performance particular in English, mathematics and science subjects
In order to improve the performance in secondary and primary education, the government has decided to re- introduce various strategies such as promotion of student to form 3 on attaining the pass mark of 30% in form 2 as from 2012.In addition the government has decided to re 2015/2016 and the Tanzania development vision 2025,the review focused on overcoming the critical shortage of teacher at all level of education.
The budget directed to education sector has been change in every year by increasing with decreasing as from 2010/2011 budget was 2,195960 million which is equal to 18.9% of total budget, in 2011/2012 budget education sector was directed with 2,415,211 of total budget, where by education sector share 17.86% of total budget with decrease and 2012/13 there were 2,842,149 which is equal to 19.1% with increase of 1.24% from 17.86% of the previous education budget, despite the government effort and plan to reach at least 25% of the whole budget directed to education sector by 2025,still education is very poor in Tanzania
Tanzania education is provided by both private and public sectors, In primary schools tuition fees was eliminated in 2002 but families still pay for uniforms, testing fees and school supplies. Free tuition fee has led to massive increase in number of children enrolled in primary schools from 4,839,391 in 2001 to 7,959,884 in 2006 and 8,410,000 in 2008,this increase has not been accompanied by a proportional increase in resource for teachers, classrooms and books. The ratio of pupils to qualified teachers nationwide in 2010 was 54:1 which was 35% above the goal of 40:1 every region exceed the goal except for Kilimanjaro and DSM
In 2006 the gross primary enrollment rate was 110.3% and the net primary enrolment rate was 97%
These rate are based on the number of students formally registered in primary school and there for do not necessary reflect actual school attendance. In 2000 57% of children age 5-14 years attended school
Those selected to secondary school for year 20100 there was no enough room in those schools to accommodate everyone who passed in public schools
Secondary education has two levels, ordinary and advanced level, passing the standard vii exams is not a requirement to continue education but anyone who fail is not selected to join the government schools, this create substantial market for private schools, while government secondary schools charge about 20000 Tanzania shillings per year, several fees are charged in addition to tuition fees including testing fees, caution fees, watchman contribution, academic contribution, furniture, identity fees, emblem fees and fee for lunches.
Private vary from 200,000 up to 32Million in 2012 the total enrollment in form 5-6 was 78,438 and number of teacher was 65,086.In 2008 enrolled was 1,164,250 total number of teacher was 32,835 and otl number of schools was 3,485
Those who perform highest in the national exam employed better trained teachers, including experienced graduates
Salama foundation in this program are contribute their effort in supporting education and improving illiterate rate among the Tanzanian, ensure that every children in Tanzania have access to quality education in a way that Tanzania literacy rate match with the current global development and its implementations strategies. And finally is to improving performance on educational delivery and students’ pass rate