Young people and HIV in Tanzania
In 2014, an estimated 6% of adolescents were living with HIV.Like most other sub-Saharan African countries, Tanzania has a very young population. A third of the country’s population are aged 10-24, the age most become sexually active.23
In 2016, an estimated 4.7% of adolescents (aged 10-19) were living with HIV in Tanzania.24 Young people engaging in risky sexual behaviour (such as not using condoms), having multiple sexual partners, and first having sex before the age of 15 remain significant challenges in the country’s HIV response. Comprehensive knowledge about HIV is also low – less than half of young people have adequate knowledge.
However, improvements have been made in recent years. In 2014, the percentage of young girls having sex before 15 decreased from 11% to 9%.25 Condom use has also increased, but is still inadequate, with only 34.1% of young men, and 41.5% of young women using a condom in the same year.